The U.S. government has developed into highly complex networks of organizational entities, with each entity typically featuring a unique function. Comprehending how these inter-governmental entities interact and support one another can help a public administration professional recognize the overall scope of duties performed by each entity. Quite often, the actions taken within a single branch of an organized government will ripple outwards, causing some effect on other inter-governmental entities that have an active relationship with that branch. This dynamic is one reason why cultivating successful working relationships across branches and agencies of the government is compulsory, especially given the range of current public issues and political and economic challenges. For example, if one government entity mistakenly overspends on an initiative, another branch may be faced with a deficit when the time comes to allocate government funds to one of their own projects. If left uncorrected, this deficit can lead to tension between parties and branches, as well as halting important initiatives simply because a lack of funds or one party or branch is trying to get back at another. Therefore, reinforcing mutually reliable inter-governmental relationships can help public administrators establish or maintain a balanced, cooperative and effective government.
Organizational Theory involves studying organizations to identify the key factors that allow them to maximize their efficiency and then packaging these factors into ideas and strategies that can be reproduced by practicing public administration professionals to impact policy making as well as other tasks. This process involves engaging in theory-based training that explores the many tested methods of public administration and is typically classified into these four groups:
Public administration entities hold the responsibility of providing communities with access to basic necessities, such as shelter, education, and public utilities, and must operate efficiently in order to fulfill this role successfully and sustain highly functional societies. To achieve these goals, professionals in this industry are tasked with closely interacting with community members on a consistent basis in order to understand their concerns and collaborate on formulating solutions. Additionally, when larger issues or situations occur, such as violence, natural disasters or other threats, leaders of the public administration entities must act on behalf of the community to confront these problems and move toward effective solutions to help preserve public safety and wellbeing. In this case, actions such as developing communication plans for emergency scenarios or constantly evaluating potential threats to public security are extremely important, as preparedness can aid with a timely and coordinated response to meet public needs when unexpected events occur.
Public administrators must have a clear and accurate understanding of governing issues and be able to act in the interest of all parties involved, ranging from the broader public to specific branches of government, in order to help their respective entities properly address pressing social and economic challenges. For example, in a high-crime city, some administrations turn to policy reforms, like aggressive sentencing for lower-level crimes that make a criminal lifestyle less appealing. Other administrators might go with a different, more community-oriented approach, such as focusing on rehabilitation efforts within the prison system to help reduce recidivism rates. Through these skilled governance initiatives, a team of public administrators can effectively implement solutions to problems involving crime, human rights, and public safety in a way that addresses the needs of all those involved.
Drafting acceptable public policies is an important role for a public administration professional, as these policies determine how organizations interact with and serve the community. Additionally, residents of a given community will use their understanding of these policies to generate their individual expectations for the government and to determine how they should interact with government entities. In the process of drafting public policy, public administration professionals must consider the potential impacts of their decisions from a number of angles. Many decisions require public funds that directly affect tax paying citizens, so understanding how these individuals might perceive the decision to revamp public school transportation practices, for example, would be essential when planning and communicating any proposed changes. Other factors should also be considered, including the availability of funding as well as other public priorities that could be affected or put on hold because of a particular policy or decision.
Diverse social perspectives on public policy and the potential ways that various groups might be impacted by policy implementation should also be an area of concern for every public administration professional. These individuals must recognize the potential risk of alienating certain demographics by enacting policies that are unbalanced. To avoid or minimize any negative impacts on the communities they serve, administrators responsible for creating fair public policies should confirm that their ideas are sound by seeking the input of other public administration professionals and members of the public community. By incorporating the thoughts and concerns of the many involved parties, a skillful public administration professional can develop and implement strong public policies that help to enhance their community.
All societies are constantly in motion, and therefore, they are continually undergoing an array of unexpected changes. As public administrators are tasked with the critical responsibility of acting as leaders during times of sudden social change or confusion, a key factor for any public official is an understanding of societal changes on all levels; globally, nationally, and locally. This knowledge allows public officials to connect with their communities in ways that help the public to understand how changes will impact them specifically so that they can begin to prepare for said changes. This important element helps public administration professionals build trust and confidence while limiting the spread of fear and anxiety among the range of communities they serve.
Public administration organizations are the interface that the public uses to interact with their government and to understand societal change in the world around them. The public also relies on these organizations to provide public services, keep their communities operating smoothly and ensure that organizations are working efficiently to maintain stable societies. Advanced coursework in a public administration discipline is an excellent way for aspiring professionals in this field to prepare themselves to face the many challenges and responsibilities associated with a demanding career as a public administrator.
The foundation of this series will be both cutting-edge contributions on emerging topics and definitive reviews of keystone topics in public and nonprofit administration, especially those that lack longer treatment in textbook or other formats.
Among keystone topics of interest for scholars and practitioners of public and nonprofit administration, we are interested in contributions in the areas of public management, public budgeting and finance, nonprofit studies, and the interstitial space between the public and nonprofit sectors, along with theoretical and methodological contributions, including quantitative, qualitative and mixed-methods pieces. Among emerging topics of interest, we are interested in cutting-edge contributions that push the boundaries of our field.
There are over 500 different public administration degrees available in the United States. The degree levels vary, but the most popular degree is the Master of Public Administration, which is widely available online. Although there are many different program areas, the top programs within public administration are: Public Administration, Public Affairs, and Public Policy. Here are the degrees within those top public administration program areas:
A public administration program provides students with the knowledge to properly analyze, interpret, and implement various strategies for a more productive and people-centered management style. If you wish to pursue a degree in public administration, you should have the potential to solve difficult problems, work well with a large team of other professionals, and exert analytical skills that are appropriate for situations needing quick response.
If you are considering a public administration degree, especially at the graduate level, you should be aware of and research the Network of Schools of Public Policy, Affairs, and Administration (NASPAA). NASPAA is the premier accrediting body at the program level within public administration, and oversees curriculum for properly accredited MPA programs.
Public administration is a subject that grasps the concept of organizational application of public policies. Educational programs that teach this public service discipline include topics that are relevant to serving special groups within society.
Depending on the concentration or field, the techniques and regulations are likely to vary. A public administration degree provides more than just general knowledge about how companies operate and the schematics of organizations at the government or local level.
Obtaining a degree in public administration can potentially provide you with a wide range of options in the professional field. If you are interested in working in careers that pertain to public policy, government positions or state/local careers, public administration may be for you. Most graduates are interested in pursuing leadership positions in business or with organizations that are interested in connecting with the public for different reasons. 153554b96e